Quick Answer: How Can We Reduce Particulate Matter Indoors?

What causes pm10 in house?

PM10 can originate from a variety of sources, both indoor and outdoor.

The three main source categories are primary human emissions, secondary atmospheric reactions, and natural sources.

As the name implies, primary human sources are cases where particles are directly emitted from human activity..

What are the top 3 sources of particulate matter in the atmosphere?

SOURCES OF PARTICULATE MATTER Figure 3.1 shows the major sources of primary emissions of PM2.5 in the United States. Major components of these particles include sulfate, nitrate, black carbon, organic carbon, and mineral dust; the latter two are themselves complex mixtures.

What are the natural sources of particulate matter?

Particulate matter (PM) is composed of solid and liquid particles in the air that are small enough to be inhaled. Natural sources of PM include sea salt, dust (such as airborne soil), and pollen, but it also includes material from volcanic eruptions and particles formed from natural gaseous precursors (eg sulphates).

What are the acceptable levels of particulate matter?

“WHO air quality guidelines” estimate that reducing annual average fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations from levels of 35 μg/m3, common in many developing cities, to the WHO guideline level of 10 μg/m3, could reduce air pollution-related deaths by around 15%.

Are particulates harmful?

Particulates are the most harmful form of air pollution due to their ability to penetrate deep into the lungs, blood streams and brain, causing health problems including heart attacks, respiratory disease, and premature death.

How can we prevent bad air quality?

The following steps will help reduce your exposure to dirty air:Filter your air at home. … Ban smoking and reduce fireplace use. … Avoid particle pollution. … Make yourself less vulnerable. … Reduce your pollution footprint.

How can I reduce the PM 2.5 in my house?

Take additional steps to keep pollution in your home low.Avoid using anything that burns, such as wood fireplaces, gas logs and even candles or incense.Keep the room clean – but don’t vacuum unless your vacuum has a HEPA filter. … Don’t smoke.Be cautious when the weather is hot.More items…

How can we protect the air?

On Days when High Particle Levels are Expected, Take these Extra Steps to Reduce Pollution:Reduce the number of trips you take in your car.Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use.Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.Avoid using gas-powered lawn and garden equipment.

How can we prevent pollution essay?

The first way to reduce pollution is to practice the 3Rs concept namely reduce, reuse and recycle. Citizens should reduce the usage of air-conditioners as it will release harmful gases , for instant ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons which will result in reducing air pollution.

Why is the size of particulate matter important to human health?

Health Effects The size of particles is directly linked to their potential for causing health problems. Small particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest problems, because they can get deep into your lungs, and some may even get into your bloodstream. … decreased lung function.

How can we reduce particulate matter?

We can reduce the levels of particulate matter pollution by reducing the amount of particulate matter produced through smoke and by reducing vehicle emissions. Reduce the amount of particulate matter produced through smoke: Stop smoking; if you do smoke, do not smoke indoors. Mulch garden refuse instead of burning it.

Which particulate size is most harmful?

Some particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter can get deep into your lungs and some may even get into your bloodstream. Of these, particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter, also known as fine particles or PM2.5, pose the greatest risk to health.

What are 4 different sources of particulate matter?

Particulate Matter (PM) Sources. Components of particulate matter (PM) include finely divided solids or liquids such as dust, fly ash, soot, smoke, aerosols, fumes, mists and condensing vapors that can be suspended in the air for extended periods of time.

How can we reduce room pollution?

Try these simple steps:Avoid smoking indoors (but quitting smoking is the best answer for overall health).Use craft supplies in well-ventilated areas.Make sure your gas stove is well-ventilated.Minimize clutter.Remove carpeting if possible.Use a dehumidifier and/or air conditioner to reduce moisture.More items…•

Can PM 2.5 be removed from body?

5 inhaled cannot be removed by the lymphatic system and enters the blood circulation via diffusion. Then, the inhaled PM2. 5 goes into the heart, kidneys, and other organs.

What are examples of particulate matter?

Particulates, or particulate matter (PM), refer to any mixture of solid particles or liquid droplets that remain suspended in the atmosphere for appreciable time periods. Examples of particulates are dust and salt particles, and water and sulphuric acid droplets.

What are 10 ways to reduce pollution?

10 Best Ways to Reduce Air PollutionUsing public transports. … Turn off the lights when not in use. … Recycle and Reuse. … No to plastic bags. … Reduction of forest fires and smoking. … Use of fans instead of Air Conditioner. … Use filters for chimneys. … Avoid usage of crackers.More items…•

How can we protect our lungs from air pollution?

Here are some ways to keep your lungs healthy.Don’t Smoke. … Avoid Exposure to Indoor Pollutants That Can Damage Your Lungs. … Minimize Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution. … Prevent Infection. … Get Regular Check-ups. … Exercise.

How can I purify the air in my house naturally?

Increase Ventilation. Ventilating homes reduces moisture levels, a major problem for indoor air quality. … Beeswax Candles. Beeswax candles act as natural air purifiers. … Salt Lamps. A salt lamp is another great natural air purifier. … Activated Charcoal. … Houseplants. … Essential Oils.

Are plants better than air purifiers?

This study has been the basis for newer studies about indoor plants and their air cleaning abilities. While plants have less horse power than air purifiers, they’re more natural, cost effective, and therapeutic. Plants are also known to: increase mood and productivity.

Which is worse pm2 5 or pm10?

PM2. 5 is more likely to travel into and deposit on the surface of the deeper parts of the lung, while PM10 is more likely to deposit on the surfaces of the larger airways of the upper region of the lung. Particles deposited on the lung surface can induce tissue damage, and lung inflammation.