Question: How Long Does It Take For Soybeans To Reach Maturity?

What is the best time to plant soybeans?

SpringSpring is the time to plant soybeans.

As an annual crop, soybeans grow from seed, produce and die in a single growing season.

In areas that experience winter frosts, wait until two to three weeks after the last frost date to plant soybeans..

What is the best fertilizer for soybeans?

For a 60-bushel per acre soybean crop, this is 48 pounds per acre of actual P2O5 or 90 pounds per acre of monoammonium phosphate (MAP) or 100 pounds per acre of diammonium phosphate (DAP). Spring application of P fertilizers is recommended over fall application when soil pH levels exceed 7.4.

How much water do Soybeans need per day?

In an average season, the water-use rate will reach a peak of about 0.32 inches per day during the late flowering (R2) and early pod development (R3) stages, but during the mid to late reproductive stages it may average 0.25 inches per day.

What is the best depth to plant soybeans?

1 to 1.5 inchesSoybean should be planted at 1 to 1.5 inches deep, but no deeper than 2 inches. Ultimately, soybean planting depth should be field specific and based more on soil conditions at the time of planting.

Do you plant corn or soybeans first?

Soybeans are traditionally planted after corn nationwide, primarily because of risk. Corn costs more to plant and needs time to take advantage of higher-yielding, long-season hybrids. Soybeans are more forgiving than corn and have a better chance to produce a crop if planted well into June or July.

How do you make soybeans grow faster?

To increase your chances to attain ultra-high soybean yields, Davis provides the following top-seven tip list:Choose the right varieties. … Consider soil fertility. … Plant on time. … Start with a clean field. … Maximize light interception. … Consider an inoculant and/or seed treatment. … Scout often.

How much water do Soybeans need per week?

Soybean vegetative growth only require 0.7 inches of water per week, but flowering (stages R1 and R2) plants need twice that amount (1.4 inches of water per week). Once bean pods are elongating (R3), soybean water use increases to 1.4-1.75 inches of water per week.

What climate is needed to grow soybeans?

Soybeans are usually planted when the soil temperature is between 55 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and a hard frost is unlikely. Soybeans can be damaged by subfreezing temperatures, but they are less tender than several other crops, such as corn. Soybeans also need a growing season with temperatures between 70 and 95 F.

How much does it cost to plant 1 acre of soybeans?

Average costs per acre for soybean ranged from $168 to $204 and average cost per bushel ranged from $3.30 to $4.19. Average returns per acre ranged from $62 to $194. Better efficiency (low cost per bushel) occurs with higher yields. Table 1.

Does it pay to fertilize soybeans?

If you want to increase soybean yields, I would look at applying fertilizer before soybeans. Increased yield will more than offset the cost. … The advantage of fertilizing each year is that you have more complete information based on crop removal from the previous corn crop.

What is a good soybean yield?

There’s something good happening in soybean fields across the U.S. Since 2013, average soybean yields have exceeded the trend line, with an average above-trend yield of 3.7 bu. per acre, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. From 2013 to 2018, six states had average yields more than 6 bu.

How does soybean maturity work?

10 The number of days between each soybean group maturity number. Soybeans have developed a sort of intelligence that lets them know if they have enough time to fill seed. A chemical in the leaves called phytochrome responds to day length and sends a signal to the meristem on nodes, where the flowers appear.

When should you stop irrigating soybeans?

Soybean should be irrigated until sufficient moisture is available to allow full bean development and pod fill. This stage is when leaves are yellowing (75-80 percent) and all pods filled with lower pods just starting to turn brown.

What is the difference between determinate and indeterminate soybeans?

Most commercial varieties are indeterminate. Indeterminate soybeans usually grow taller and do well in short growing seasons. Determinate soybean plants complete their growth in height and then produce all the flowers at about the same time and usually one-half to two-thirds as tall as indeterminate varieties.

What is soybean relative maturity?

The Relative Maturity assigned each soybean product reflects its maturity in relationship to other soybeans, i.e., a soybean with a Relative Maturity of 29 is 2 days later than a soybean with a Relative Maturity of 27 and 2 days earlier than one with a Relative Maturity of 31.

What are the growth stages of soybeans?

Two distinct growth phases characterize soybean development: Vegetative (V) stages: From emergence through flowering (Table 1). Reproductive (R) stages: From flowering through maturation (Table 2).

How do you know when soybeans are ready to harvest?

The soybean plants and pods when mature, should be brown or tan in color and the seeds should rattle in the pod. When the crop is mature and ready for harvest the seeds would be oval shape and firm.

What is the best row spacing for soybeans?

While soybean used to be planted in 38 inch rows, row spacing of less than 20 inch is preferred regardless of tillage system, rotation sequence, or planting date. In most cases, there is no difference between 7.5, 10, 15, or 20 inch row spacing and anything less than 30 inch is therefore consider narrow row spacing.