What causes high levels of cadmium?
In the general population, exposure to cadmium occurs primarily by eating certain foods if grown ion contaminated soil.
In the general population, cigarette smoke is one of the highest sources of cadmium exposure for smokers..
What is the effect of cadmium on humans?
Cadmium and its compounds are highly toxic and exposure to this metal is known to cause cancer and targets the body’s cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems.
What foods are high in cadmium?
Cadmium in food The food groups that contribute most of the dietary cadmium exposure are cereals and cereal products, vegetables, nuts and pulses, starchy roots or potatoes, and meat and meat products. Due to their high consumption of cereals, nuts, oilseeds and pulses, vegetarians have a higher dietary exposure.
Can cadmium be removed from the body?
The greatest cadmium concentrations are found in the kidneys and the liver. Urinary cadmium excretion is slow; however, it constitutes the major mechanism of elimination. Due to slow excretion, cadmium accumulates in the body over a lifetime and its biologic half life may be up to 38 years.